The following interview with Alexander Vuving was carried out in Honolulu on March 27, 2015 by Patrick Renz and Frauke Heidemann. The main focus of the interview was on the South China Sea, ranging from the Chinese land reclamation activities to the legal case brought forward by the Philippines and Vietnam and the historic background of the territorial disputes, as well as on U.S.-China relations. All footnotes are remarks by Patrick Renz and Frauke Heidemann, aimed at giving some additional background knowledge and providing the links to the cited documents so that the reader can follow up on these issues easily. South China Sea The land reclamation activities by China are not a new phenomenon as other neighbors have built structures before as well. Yet some experts argue that while the land reclamation activities by China are happening on a different scale, they still don't add strategic value in a conflict scenario that includes the U.S. Furthermore, from a legal perspective … [Read more...] about Chinas’s ‘Sun Tzu’s strategy’: preparing for winning without fighting
U s global leadership coalition
Editor's Note:Dr. Terry F. Buss is a fellow of the U.S. National Academy of Public Administration. He wrote this article exclusively for Tuoi Tre News. On February 6, 2015, President Obama released his National Security Strategy (NSS) that serves as U.S. policy for the remaining two years of his presidency. NSS is supposed to set priorities to guide funding and resourcing decisions and to ensure that security, intelligence, defense and humanitarian functions are widely understood and properly coordinated. In the past, foreign governments, international organizations, and terrorists alike, have eagerly anticipated NSS to see where U.S. efforts will be focused. In spite of its importance, the 2015 NSS was dead on arrival. There was very little commentary on NSS from opponents and advocates of the Obama Administration. NSS was supposed to be released in early 2014, but was delayed because of unanticipated Islamic State military advances in Syria and Iraq. On August 29, 2014, … [Read more...] about Obama’s 2015 national security strategy: what does it mean for SE Asia and Vietnam?
President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping, left, meet at the U.S. ambassador's residence in The Hague on Mar. 24, 2014 ahead of the Nuclear Security Summit. … [Read more...] about Xi’s great-power drive throws up dilemma for Obama as APEC nears
President Barack Obama said on Thursday he was sending up to 300 U.S. military advisers to Iraq but stressed the need for a political solution to the Iraqi crisis as government forces battled Sunni rebels for control of the country's biggest refinery. Speaking after a meeting with his national security team, Obama said he was prepared to take "targeted" military action later if deemed necessary, thus delaying but still keeping open the prospect of airstrikes to fend off a militant insurgency. But he insisted that U.S. troops would not return to combat in Iraq. … [Read more...] about Obama sends U.S. military advisers to Iraq as battle rages over refinery
Editor's Note:Terry F. Buss is a Distinguished Professor of Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University (Australia). He wrote this article exclusively for Tuoitrenews. U.S.-Chinese relations are based on cooperation with the overall mutual goal of attaining security, stability and development in Asia. The Chinese want recognition and respect for what they have accomplished as an emerging superpower. The U.S. wants China to accept its legitimate right to play a major role in trade and security in the region. Both countries understand that they are in intense competition to influence the region, but that they mU.S.t restrain themselves or both will be worse off. This shared framework is agreeable in principle: but in the end it's only words. What counts is how they behave. Over the past few years as China has risen to an economic and military global power, and the U.S. has further withdrawn or becomes bogged down, each country has begun to test the other to determine the limits of … [Read more...] about America’s unfocused policy towards China?
Agro-products to face tough battles ahead One of the greatest challenges facing Vietnam's agricultural sector is to maintain the competitiveness as the country further integrates into the world economy, heard the Vietnam Agricultural Outlook Conference 2013. Speaking at a conference in Hanoi last week, Do Anh Tuan, director of the Center for Agricultural Policy, said agro-product exports hit a record high of US$27 billion and achieved growth of 3.4% last year. Rice, coffee and furniture generated a turnover of over US$3 billion each, while rubber, tra fish, shrimp, cashew and cassava brought in more than US$1 billion each. "In the context of economic woes, agriculture remained a lifebuoy for the economy," said Tuan. Still, Vietnam's agriculture has a lot of problems to deal with. For example, the country's processing capacity has not caught up with the regional level; product quality and food safety are not guaranteed; unstable macroeconomic environment makes production of … [Read more...] about BUSINESS IN BRIEF 18/4
ATHENS/CANNES - Intense European pressure forced debt-stricken Greece to seek political consensus on a new bailout plan instead of holding a referendum after EU leaders raised the prospect of a Greek exit from the euro to preserve the single currency. Fast-moving events in Athens overshadowed the first day of a summit of the Group of 20 major economies on the French Riviera on Thursday, with anxious world leaders urging Europe to act to stop contagion from its sovereign debt crisis. Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou bowed to cabinet rebels and agreed to step down and make way for a negotiated coalition government if his Socialists back him in a confidence vote on Friday, government sources told Reuters. "He was told that he must leave calmly in order to save his (PASOK) party," one source said on condition of anonymity. "He agreed to step down. It was very civilized, with no acrimony." Papandreou, son and grandson of left-wing prime ministers, hinted he was ready to quit for … [Read more...] about Greek PM ready to go, dump referendum, for euro deal
The World Travel & Tourism Council today announces the appointment of Helen Marano to the newly-created position of Director of Government and Industry Affairs. Ms Marano is currently head of the national tourism office in the U.S. Department of Commerce. Reporting to David Scowsill, WTTC President & CEO, Ms Marano will be responsible for all aspects of WTTC's liaison with Governments, other trade associations and industry bodies. She will take up her new position on 2 January 2012. Helen has led the U.S. government’s national tourism office in the U.S. Department of Commerce for 17 years and currently oversees policy and advocacy issues affecting the travel and tourism industries in the United States. She manages the statistical centre for international travel and tourism for the country, incorporating the economic impact and forecasting of international travel and trends. Helen brings a strong international perspective to collaboration between governments and private … [Read more...] about WTTC appoints Helen Marano as Director of Government and Industry Affairs
Venezuela's socialist President Hugo Chavez comfortably won re-election on Sunday, quashing the opposition's best chance at unseating him in 14 years and cementing himself as a dominant figure in modern Latin American history. A new six-year term will extend his rule of the OPEC member state to two decades, giving him a chance to deepen his oil-revenue-fueled socialism while continuing to support left-wing allies in Latin America, though a possible recurrence of cancer still hangs over him. "Today we've shown that Venezuela's democracy is one of the best democracies in the world, and we will continue to show it," the 58-year-old Chavez shouted, dressed in a signature red shirt and waving a replica sword of independence hero Simon Bolivar. Crowds roared, and the smoke of fireworks clouded the air. Chavez took 54.42 percent of the vote, with 90 percent of the ballots counted, compared with 44.97 percent for young opposition candidate Henrique Capriles. Since taking power in 1999, … [Read more...] about Venezuela’s Chavez re-elected to extend socialist rule
When the United States invests in innovation, it creates companies and jobs at home, makes Americans healthier and safer, and saves lives and fights poverty in the world's poorest countries. It offers the next president a tremendous opportunity to help people in America and around the world. Of course, America's capacity for innovation is nothing new. We have been inventing for more than two centuries: think of Benjamin Franklin, Margaret Knight, Thomas Edison. By the end of World War II, the United States led the world in automobiles, aerospace, electronics, medicine, and other areas. Nor is the formula for success complicated: Government funding for our world-class research institutions produces the new technologies that American entrepreneurs take to market. What is new is that more countries than ever are competing for global leadership, and they know the value of innovation. Since 2000, South Korea's research and development spending (measured as a percentage of GDP) has gone up … [Read more...] about State funded research key to breakthrough innovation