The world's oceans are clogged with plastic debris, but how much of it finds its way into the seas annually? Enough to place the equivalent of five grocery bags full of plastic trash on every foot (30 cm) of every nation's coastline around the globe. That's according to scientists who released research on Thursday estimating that a staggering 8 million metric tones of plastic pollution enter the oceans each year from the world's 192 coastal countries based on 2010 data. Based on rising waste levels, they estimated that more than 9 million tons would end up in the oceans in 2015. Experts have sounded the alarm in recent years over how plastic pollution is killing huge numbers of seabirds, marine mammals, sea turtles and other creatures while sullying ocean ecosystems. China was responsible for the most ocean plastic pollution per year with an estimated 2.4 million tons, about 30 percent of the global total, followed by Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Egypt, … [Read more...] about World’s oceans clogged by millions of tons of plastic trash
How much waste is produced each year
VietNamNet Bridge – The Ministry of Science and Technology’s legal documents on the value of scientists’ inventions are insufficiently clear. Dr. Vo Thi Hanh, director of Phuong Nam Biology Company, the producer of biological produce used in animal husbandry and cultivation, said the company’s selling prices are five to 10 times higher than imports of the same kind. Hanh said foreign-made products are more expensive because foreign intellectual property (IP) has high value. In the past, when a production workshop was located in the Institute of Tropical Biology (ITB) campus, Hanh said she paid royalties to ITB based on monthly sales. However, when Hanh and her associates established a company of their own, she stopped paying the royalties because "ITB and the city’s Science and Technology Department did not request us to pay". In May 2014, the HCM City Science and Technology Department transferred the technology on using waste from alcohol … [Read more...] about How much do scientists receive for their inventions?
Next week Have you ever seen a Rolls Royce Phantom being sold for VND200,000 (US$10) on the streets of Ha Noi? Does that seem too cheap? What do you think about people buying a paper version of the car only to burn it with the hope that people in the other world will be able to ride in a "real" Rolls Royce? Every July 15 according to the lunar calendar (this year it fell on August 24 on the Gregorian calendar), Vietnamese people have a tradition of holding a ceremony to worship their ancestors' spirits in the other world. The ceremony is calledVu Lan (Thanksgiving). During the Vu Lan ceremony, and most other ancestor worshipping ceremonies as well, people burn paper products with the belief their ancestors will receive them. In the past, people only burned paper money and paper-clothes. However, these days they also burn paper replicas of the most modern cars, villas, and air-conditioners available. The original rituals were meant to be modest and reveal the good attitude people felt … [Read more...] about Viet Nam must deal with waste time-bomb
At first glance Vietnam might seem environmentally irresponsible. There is trash lining nearly every street, coal powering anything from large machinery to household stoves and masks worn everywhere in fear of the air pollution. There is also a serious lack of environmental awareness. In four months I have not seen as single poster, billboard or ad campaign advertising environmental sustainability, which I see nearly every day in the United States. However, despite the numerous environmental issues and the lack of awareness in Vietnam, after living in Vietnam for an extended period of time I have discovered that in many ways the Vietnamese are more environmentally sustainable and responsible than many Americans. More specifically, the Vietnamese methods of recycling, consumption and farming incorporate environmental sustainability more than in the US. From my observations thus far, Vietnam does not have a large established recycling system. There certainly aren’t blue bins lining … [Read more...] about Vietnam is more environmentally sustainable than US