Profit reports of commercial banks in Q1 of this year all hit the mark of several trillion Vietnamese dongs. Specifically, HDBank has just announced that its estimated pre-tax profit in the first quarter exceeded VND2 trillion, up more than 67 percent compared to the same period last year. Of which, profit from services was two times higher than that in the same period for the third consecutive quarter. By March 31, this year, this lender's credit growth rose by 5.2 percent compared to that by December 31, last year.
MBBank also informed that its profit was estimated at over VND4.57 trillion, 2.1 times higher than the same period last year. The non-performing loan (NPL) ratio dropped sharply from 1.46 percent at the beginning of the year to 1.14 percent.
At the annual general meeting of shareholders (AGM) in early April, ACB leaders said that its profit in Q1 was estimated at above VND3.1 trillion, up more than 61 percent. Sharing at the AGM 2021, MSB's leaders informed that its net revenue in the first quarter was more than VND2 trillion, an increase of 65 percent year-on-year, leading to an estimated pre-tax profit of VND1.2 trillion, 315 percent higher than the same period last year.
As for the State-owned commercial banks, although the AGM has not been held, Vietcombank’s leaders said that its pre-tax profit in the first quarter was estimated at VND7 trillion, up 34 percent year-on-year and equal to 28 percent of the target of VND25.2 trillion set for the whole year. With a positive Q1 profit, its profit target set for 2021 is within reach. In fact, Vietcombank is assigned the highest credit target among State-owned banks with 10.5 percent while other banks are only at the level of 6-7.5 percent. Many experts said that VietinBank can achieve a profit of US$1 billion this year, thanks to the shift of retail channel and the reduction of the bad debt burden.
In a recent report of SSI Research Center, it is estimated that the pre-tax profit of listed banks in Q1 will increase from 55 percent to 65 percent compared to the same period last year. Of which, State-owned commercial banks will possibly achieve a growth of about 75-85 percent, and joint-stock commercial banks are expected to achieve pre-tax profit growth of about 45-55 percent. The reason for the high growth in Q1 was because lenders have maintained relatively attractive margins and credit prospects have been improved. In addition, most banks have accelerated the write-off of bad debts and increased provision for bad debts in the fourth quarter of last year.
Investors’ expectation of the banking industry’s profit picture is also the reason why banking stocks, namely CTG, VCB, ACB, and MSB, jumped by 40-50 percent in the first quarter.
Optimism in 2021
According to SSI Securities Company, currently, the net profit margins of banks are at a record high. Savings interest rates decreased by 2.25 percent per annum upwards in 2020, and in the first quarter of 2021, some banks continued to cut another 0.1-0.4 percent. These reductions focus on short-term deposits. Currently, most banks are keeping deposit interest rates at a level of 3-4 percent per annum for terms below six months, 3.5-5.5 percent per annum for terms from six to below 12 months, and 4.6-6 percent per annum for terms of 12 months upwards. Although the deposit interest rates sharply dropped to a record-low level, capital mobilization of commercial banks remained extremely positive. Banks' loan-deposit gap from the beginning of 2020 to now has been strongly widened. Therefore, the net interest margin of most commercial banks had increased robustly in the second half of last year and is now at a historic high level of about 4 percent compared to the normal level of only 3.5 percent. This is one of the reasons why bank profits have soared.
With optimistic business results in Q1, many commercial banks continue to set high growth plans and are confident of completing their profit plans. According to the evaluation of the profit outlook of the banking industry in 2021 of FinnGroup Joint Stock Company, it is forecasted that the growth of after-tax profit of 12 listed commercial banks will be at 18.2 percent this year, higher than the growth of 14.9 percent last year. In which, State-owned banks are expected to have a strong increase in profits, such as Vietcombank with 14.9 percent, BIDV with 41.3 percent, and VietinBank with 41.9 percent. This positive outlook comes from both credit activities and service revenue, especially revenue from bancassurance of many banks, especially large banks like Vietcombank, VietinBank, ACB, MSB, and HDBank, said a representative of FinnGroup Company.
Besides, the representative of VNDirect Securities Company said that the State Bank of Vietnam has just issued Circular No.03/2021 amending and supplementing Circular No.01/2020 on restructuring, exemption, and debt rescheduling for customers affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. The circular also added a provision for a gradual 3-year allocation of provision for bad debts, which will also help reduce provision expenses for banks, especially in 2021. With the optimistic profitability of banks, banking stocks will still be one of the most potential stock groups in the stock market this year.
By Nhung Nguyen – Translated by Thanh Nha
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