BEIJING, April 20 (Xinhua) — China’s agricultural products will continue to rise in quality this year as production stabilizes and supply is secured for important products such as grains and pigs, according to a report on Monday.
The China Agricultural Outlook (2020-2029) released by the China Agricultural Outlook Conference 2020 summarized and reviewed the market situation of 18 major products in 2019, made projections on production, consumption, trade and prices in the next 10 years, and analyzed existing uncertainties.
It said China’s capacity to effectively supply major agricultural products and ensure their quality will continue to improve.
Crop pattern will continue to be optimized and the varieties of rice and wheat will improve. The total cropped area will be reduced accordingly, with the area of food grains at 800 million mu (about 53.33 million hectares), according to the report.
The yields of rice, wheat and corn in China in 2020 are expected to reach 209 million tonnes, 134 million tonnes and 267 million tonnes respectively.
The dairy industry will experience significant improvements in quality and efficiency, and aquaculture will rapidly develop, and the supply of green, high-quality and safe products will increase, the report said.
The consumption of urban and rural residents will rise expeditiously and demand will strengthen for high-quality, green, niche and nutritious products.
Demand for processed products will increase steadily, with consumption of fruit, potato and soybean products increasing by 3.9 percent, 1.8 percent and 2 percent respectively.
The report forecast trade in agricultural products will maintain an upward trend and China’s imports of meat will increase significantly.
However, there is uncertainty whether pig production capacity could recover from the outbreak of African swine fever and the COVID-19 epidemic at the end of 2020. Pork production is expected to decline and the gap with demand will widen. The import volume is expected to rise by 32.7 percent year on year, reaching 2.8 million tonnes, said the report.
The import volumes of poultry meat and dairy products are expected to increase by 7.5 percent and 3.3 percent year on year respectively.
Prices of agricultural products are expected to rise in general, and the risk of high volatility in some commodities will continue to grow. Prices of rice and wheat are expected to fluctuate slightly, subject to the risks of international price transmission, the report said.
The China Agricultural Outlook Conference, organized by the Agricultural Information Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, has issued the China Agricultural Outlook report for six consecutive years. The report updates agricultural monitoring information, and guides the production and market adjustment of agricultural products.
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