In a supplement to its Asian Development Outlook 2019 Update released in September, ADB now expects gross domestic product (GDP) in the region to expand 5.2% in both 2019 and 2020, down from the September forecast of 5.4% growth this year and 5.5% next year.
“While growth rates are still solid in developing Asia, persistent trade tensions have taken a toll on the region and are still the biggest risk to the longer-term economic outlook. Domestic investment is also weakening in many countries, as business sentiment has declined,” said ADB Chief Economist Mr. Yasuyuki Sawada. “Inflation, on the other hand, is ticking up on the back of higher food prices, as African swine fever has raised pork prices significantly.”
The supplement forecasts inflation of 2.8% in 2019 and 3.1% in 2020, up from the September prediction that prices would rise 2.7% this year and next.
In East Asia, growth in the PRC is now expected at 6.1% this year and 5.8% next year due to trade tensions and a slowdown in global activity coupled with weaker domestic demand, with family wallets being hit by pork prices that have doubled relative to a year ago. Growth could accelerate, however, should the United States and the PRC come to an agreement on trade, the report says. In September, ADB forecast GDP growth of 6.2% in 2019 and 6.0% in 2020.
Hong Kong, China, already in technical recession, will see severe downward pressures persist possibly into 2020. The economy is now expected to contract 1.2% this year and grow 0.3% next year.
In South Asia, India’s growth is now seen at a slower 5.1% in fiscal year 2019 as the foundering of a major nonbanking financial company in 2018 led to a rise in risk aversion in the financial sector and a credit crunch. Also, consumption was affected by slow job growth and rural distress aggravated by a poor harvest. Growth should pick up to 6.5% in fiscal year 2020 with supportive policies. In September, ADB forecast India’s GDP to grow 6.5% in 2019 and 7.2% in 2020.
In Southeast Asia, many countries are seeing continued export declines and weaker investment, and growth forecasts have been downgraded for Singapore and Thailand. GDP growth is expected to slow in the Pacific with activity in Fiji, the subregion’s second largest economy after Papua New Guinea, expected to be more subdued than previously anticipated.
In Vietnam, GDP growth in the first 3 quarters of 2019 accelerated to 7.0%, the highest rate over the same period in the past 9 years. Private consumption rose by 7.3%, and investment expanded by 7.7%, boosted by an improved business environment, continued investor confidence, and increased foreign direct investment. With unexpectedly strong growth momentum in Q3 likely to carry over into Q4 and next year, the growth forecast for Vietnam is adjusted upward from 6.8% to 6.9% for 2019, and from 6.7% to 6.8% for 2020.
Central Asia is the only subregion where prospects look a little brighter now than in September, largely thanks to increased public spending in Kazakhstan, the region’s largest economy. Central Asia is now forecast to grow 4.6% in 2019, up from the previous prediction for expansion of 4.4%. The forecast for 2020 is for growth of 4.5%. Kazakhstan’s economy is seen expanding by 4.1% this year and 3.8% next year.
- Moody's cuts India GDP growth forecast to 6.2 pc for 2019
- Reuters' Kemp: Global Economy Slows, Recession Risk Hangs in the Balance
- Fitch cuts India's FY20 GDP growth forecast to 5.5%
- The trade war is part of a 'perfect storm' hitting Europe's biggest economy
- China’s Economy Slowed Again in Third Quarter to Slowest Pace Since 1992
- Why would people from the world's second-biggest economy risk their lives to sneak into the UK?
- ADB trims FY20 growth forecast to 7% from 7.2%
- Growth in major Asian economies set to slow more than expected, IMF says
- WTO cuts global trade growth forecasts to 1.2% for 2019
- Economic growth in developing Asia remains robust, slow-down expected: ADB