Air strikes hit the last major rebel stronghold in Syria on Sunday, a day after an alleged poison gas attack on the nearby regime-held city of Aleppo.
More than 100 people were wounded in a suspected toxic gas attack in Aleppo late on Saturday, which a health official said was the first such assault in the city.
The Syrian government and its ally Russia blamed the attack on insurgents, allegations which rebel officials denied.
The shells spread a strong stench and caused dozens of people breathing problems in Aleppo, which is under government control, a monitoring group said.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also said warplanes struck rebel territory in the northwest on Sunday for the first time since Russia and Turkey agreed a buffer zone there in September.
State news agency SANA said on Sunday that 107 people were injured, including children, after militants hit three districts of Aleppo with projectiles containing gases that caused choking.
It marks the highest such casualty toll in Aleppo since government forces and their allies clawed back the city from rebels nearly two years ago.
Russia’s defence ministry accused insurgents on Sunday of firing shells filled with chlorine gas at Aleppo from the rebel stronghold of Idlib.
Moscow, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s key ally, said it would talk to Turkey, which backs some rebel factions and helped broker a ceasefire in the Idlib region.
“We can not know the kinds of gases but we suspected chlorine and treated patients on this basis because of the symptoms,” Zaher Batal, the head of the Aleppo Doctors Syndicate, told Reuters.
Patients suffered difficulty breathing, eye inflammation, shivering and fainting, he said. Hospitals had discharged many people overnight.
Batal said this was the first gas attack against civilians in Aleppo city since the conflict erupted more than seven years ago.
“The explosive (shells) contain toxic gases that led to choking among civilians,” Aleppo police chief Issam al-Shilli told state media.
Pictures and footage on SANA showed medical workers carrying patients on stretchers and helping them with oxygen masks.
State media said the army hit back at militants near the city but did not elaborate. Syria’s foreign ministry urged the U.N. Security Council to condemn and punish the attack.
Abdel-Salam Abdel-Razak, an official from the Nour el-Din al-Zinki insurgent faction, said rebels did not own chemical weapons or have the capacity to produce them.
“The criminal regime, under Russian instructions, is trying to accuse the rebels of using toxic substances in Aleppo. This is purely a lie,” he tweeted.
Abu Omar, a Failaq al-Sham spokesman, accused Damascus of trying to create “a malicious charade” as a pretext to attack rebel towns.
The UK-based Observatory said the shelling in Aleppo wounded 94 people, while government shelling earlier on Saturday had killed two women and seven children in a village in Idlib.
The Russian-Turkish deal in September had staved off an expected army offensive against the Idlib region, including nearby parts of Aleppo and Hama provinces.
The dominant force among an array of factions holding sway in Idlib is Tahrir al-Sham, an Islamist alliance led by fighters formerly linked to al-Qaeda.
A past U.N.-OPCW inquiry found the Syrian government used the nerve agent sarin in an April 2017 attack and has also used chlorine several times. It also blamed Islamic State militants for using mustard gas.
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