The Trump administration has started to prepare for the rollout of their Israeli-Palestinian peace plan. The plan’s architects — Jared Kushner, Jason Greenblatt and Ambassador to Israel David Friedman — are building up their team, according to US officials.
The team is currently adding working-level officials that can start to hone in on the plan’s details, including the economic portion, as well as their messaging strategy. Foreign diplomats say they are pleased to see the team growing, which they view as bringing more regional expertise into the room.
“The peace team is expanding their numbers and the resources available as they finalize the details and rollout strategy of the peace initiative,” said a NSC Spokesperson.
The date for the rollout of the peace plan, which has been consistently moved back throughout the year, remains unclear. There were discussions about pushing it back until after the U.S. midterms, according to diplomats in the region.
There have also been reports that the Trump administration would push for a rollout during the next UN General Assembly (UNGA), which begins next month. But experts say that would serve as a dead end for the plan’s ultimate launch.
“The UNGA strategy I think would be a difficult one, if only for the fact that the Arab diplomats are not happy with the overall approach. Taking it to UNGA, which is the Palestinians’ home turf, could hurt the chances of this plan being rolled out in any successful fashion,” explains Jonathan Schanzer of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, a right-leaning think tank.
The administration is still working to get the Palestinians to engage in the drafting process. Last year there were regular meetings between Kushner, Greenblatt and Saeb Erekat, a Palestinian negotiator, according to diplomats with knowledge of the talks. Erekat was in Virginia undergoing a lung transplant. But after the U.S. moved their embassy to Jerusalem earlier this year, the Palestinians cutoff that line of communication.
The Trump administration has asked allies in the region – including senior officials from Egypt and Saudi Arabia – to encourage the Palestinians to come to the table.
The Palestinians have eschewed direct conversations with the White House. But the Trump team has told intermediaries for the Palestinians that the administration is going to roll out the peace plan no matter what, and it is in the interest of Palestinians to engage before they no longer have a say, according to multiple sources. The administration is also asking allies in the region to look for potential Palestinian leaders that they could work with down the road, given Abbas’ old age.
Many experts who have studied the peace processes driven by past U.S. presidents say that the administration’s pro-Israeli stance will mean that their plan is dead on arrival. However, defenders of the administration’s approach say that the White House is just acknowledging the realities on the ground.
“The Trump administration is recognizing the Israeli power, that they are are holding the cards at this point,” says Schanzer, comparing the approach to past administrations who initially sought to put Palestinians and Israelis on equal footing. “They are definitely coming to the table with a different approach, there is not way they can fail any worse than others have failed before.”
As the school year begins in the Palestinian territories, this is a time that could further diverge the US-Palestinian relationship, as the Trump administration has frozen $65 million in U.S. assistance to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA). The UNRWA Commissioner-General, Pierre Krähenbühl, announced this month that the schools that receive UNRWA funding would start on time in every place — including the West Bank and East Jerusalem. But he warned that funding would not assure that they stay open through the next few months.
“While announcing today the opening of the school year, I wish to be clear that UNRWA is by no stretch of the imagination out of the woods,” Krähenbühl said. “We currently only have funding to run the Agency’s services until the end of September. We need a further $217 M to ensure that our schools not only open but can be run until the end of the year. This requires the resolute continuation of the collective mobilization that has been underway since January.”
Earlier this month the State Department said that the funding for UNRWA remains under review and that the Trump administration has advocated for the program to restructure itself given the fact that it consistently falls short on funding.
As the details of the plan are still hammered out, and a tight hold is kept on the specific proposals, the administration has acknowledged that their plan will not make all parties happy.
The team working on the plan wrote in a joint statement last week: “No one will be fully pleased with our proposal, but that is the way it must be if real peace is to be achieved. Peace can only succeed only if it is based on realities.”
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