The decree allows the State treasury to buy back G-bonds, local-authority bonds and Government-backed bonds with maximum maturity of three months to make the best use of temporary idle State budget and provide funding for local governments to implement their socio-economic development projects.
The total value of Vietnam’s bond market is quite small compared to the country’s GDP. In 2016, total scale of the bond market was only 36.9% of the total GDP, although Vietnam recorded G-bonds worth VND281.75 trillion (US$12.52 billion), exceeding the whole year’s plan by 12.7%.
Trading liquidity of the secondary bond market was quite impressive in 2016, with the average trading value reaching VND6.28 trillion in each session, an increase of 72% from 2015’s average. However, that value is quite low compared with other economies in the region.
“The new decision will also help improve conditions of the repo (repurchase agreement) market as an investor can combine two ordinary sells and buy orders at the same time with a partner from September 1 onwards. This trading mechanism has been conducted in the global securities market for a long time,” Binh said.
The risks that the bond market may suffer from short-selling of bond notes will be reduced, according to Binh.
“Basically, selling G-bonds can only be done when the seller has a sufficient amount of G-bond notes to sell on settlement day.”
“The G-bonds that are available for transfer should be already available in the seller’s depository account on settlement day or the seller should receive those G-bonds either before or on settlement day from the previous trading or borrowing order.”
To minimise potential risks, the finance ministry regulates that only market members that are eligible to auction G-bonds can borrow G-bonds for selling and the lending term must not exceed 180 days, she said.
The sides involved in the transaction must negotiate and are responsible for related terms such as trading volume, guaranteed assets and bond yield rate, she added.
“We deploy short-selling activity on the bond market before the stock market because members of the bond market are well-organised, well-administrated and are financially creditable.”
“The bond-lending mechanism should be conducted carefully, and after a period of implementation, we will summarise the work and consider deploying it for stocks and other derivative products.”
“The government has targeted developing the G-bond market as a standard for the country’s financial market and the core to improve the bond market.”
“To achieve this target, we need to improve and complete the legal system, assist the market, develop the mechanism on market intermediaries and diversify products to attract more investors.”
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