On the road ahead, Ca Mau strives to promote its internal forces onone hand and determines to expand external economic ties and attract FDIcapital to speed up the process of industrialisation and modernisationon the other, aiming to make Ca Mau a relatively developed province inthe country.
Vietnam Business Forum interviewed Pham Thanh Tuoi, Chairman of Ca Mau provincial People’s Committee.
* Could you please introduce the potentials, positions and conditions for socioeconomic development of Ca Mau province?
Ca Mau province has a coastline of 254 kilometres belonging to thecoastal economic corridor of the Southwest seawater region. Situating inthe centre of Southeast Asia, in the Gulf of Thailand, Ca Mau provincehas enormous gas reserves, estimated at 170 billion cubic metres – theinput for developing many gas-fuelled industries like LPG, electricity,fertiliser and metallurgy, and some other industries using low pressuregas.
Also, the province is one of the electricityand fertiliser production centres of the nation (accounting for over 10per cent of the country’s electricity output). In the province, twopower plants of 1,500 MW belonging to the gas – power – fertiliserproduction complex have connected with the national grid, supplying 9-10billion kWh of electricity a year. The complex also has a fertiliserplant with an annual output capacity of 800,000 tonnes, which has goneinto commercial production.
Furthermore, Ca Mauprovince holds enormous potential and advantages for aquaculturedevelopment, ranking first in the country in aquaculture area. It alsohas rich potential and resources for eco-tourism and marine tourismdevelopment (particularly Mui Ca Mau Biosphere Reserve, Ramsar Sites,and near-shore island clusters).
The provincebelongs to the Mekong Delta key economic region and has 11,000-ha NamCan Economic Zone approved for establishment in October 2010. Moreover,Ca Mau links to Mekong Delta provinces and Ho Chi Minh City with threeforms of transportation: roadway, airway and waterway. As a result, theprovince’s trade exchange with these localities is quite favourable.
With the above mentioned potentials and advantages, Ca Mau provincehas many opportunities and favourable conditions to acceleratesocioeconomic development.
* Together with CanTho city, An Giang and Kien Giang provinces, Ca Mau province will play akey role in the southern Hau River development axis and the MekongDelta. So, how will the province change and strive to assert itsposition?
Since it became an important player ofthe Mekong Delta key economic zone in April 2009, the province hasachieved positive results in socioeconomic development. Annual GDPgrowth is relatively high at over 10 percent. The economic structure hasbeen rapidly shifting towards a desired paradigm, with the proportionof industry, construction and services accounting for 62 percent oftotal economic value. Exports in 2012 reached 910 million USD.
Infrastructure system is built according to the investment plan of theregion and the province. Many investors have arrived in the province toexplore investment opportunities. However, infrastructure and humanresource are two major obstacles to tapping local potentials andadvantages.
To overcome these obstacles, Ca Mauprovince will build infrastructure according to plan, ensuring synchronyand connectivity. Infrastructure will be an important driving force tospeed up and sustain socioeconomic growth. At the same time, theprovince will implement human resource development planning towards2020, thus providing guidance for enrolling and training human resourcesto meet local development conditions.
Ca Mau willeffectively tap local potentials and advantages and speed upindustrialisation and modernisation of some key sectors, maintain higheconomic growth, mobilise all social resources to build and developsocioeconomic infrastructure, and give priority to the development ofurban infrastructure, transportation cooperation, irrigation, economiczones and industrial zones.
In addition, theprovince will accelerate the application of science, technology andtechnique, especially biotechnology and clean technology, to production.The province will focus on comprehensive commercialised agriculturaldevelopment and enhance productivity, quality and efficiency andsustainability.
* As the southernmost part of thecountry, traffic connections remain rather difficult. How has Ca Mauprovince improved infrastructure to better tap its potential?
In recent years, the Government has increased investment for keyprojects in the Mekong Delta region like airports, seaports, bridges androads to facilitate trade between Ca Mau with Mekong Delta provincesand other near provinces.
Arterial roads like Ca Mau- Phung Hiep and National Road 1A (Ca Mau – Nam Can section) werealready completed and opened to traffic. Ho Chi Minh Road (Ca Mausection) and Nam Can – Dat Mui Road are under construction. Currently,the Ministry of Transport already started construction on Nam Can Bridgespanning the Cua Lon River. This is a key item on the Ho Chi Minh Roadand plays a particularly important role in socioeconomic development ofCa Mau province.
Specially, the first phase of thesouthern coastal corridor route linking Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand,including 52 km in Ca Mau province, is also under construction. Oncethese works are completed, they will awaken new potentials; create a newadvantage for Ca Mau province and a new face of socioeconomicdevelopment in the coming years. Then, Ca Mau will not only be aprovince in the Mekong Delta key economic zone, but also a trade gatewaywith ASEAN countries.
For its part, Ca Mau isactively making investment and construction plans for industrial zoneslike Khanh An Industrial Park, Hoa Trung Industrial Park, Song DocIndustrial Complex and small industrial complexes in some districts. The11,000-ha Nam Can Economic Zone, which was approved by the Government,will create an important ripple effect and socioeconomic developmentmotivation for the whole region.
Administrativeprocedures, business environment and provincial competitiveness index(PCI) are also constantly improving. But, amid limited State budgets, wewill mobilise all possible investment resources by applying variousinvestment modes like BOT (build – operate – transfer), BT (build -transfer) and PPP (public private partnership); and actively drawODA-funded projects and mobilise residents to contribute labour to buildrural roads.
* To grasp opportunities in theprocess of international economic integration, does Ca Mau have anyplans to facilitate local socioeconomic development and gradually raiseits status in the Mekong Delta region in particular and in the countryin general?
From now till 2015, Ca Mauprovince will maintain its high economic growth, enhance developmentefficiency and sustainability, mobilise all social resources to speed upsocioeconomic development, build up the countryside and become aprovince of average development level in the country.
To achieve its objectives, Ca Mau will give priority to developing amodern, sustainable, efficient, highly productive and high qualityagriculture sector. The province will build infrastructure for Nam CanEconomic Zone and industrial zones to draw investment capital. It willalso rapidly develop the services industry and prioritise thedevelopment of such sectors as trade, tourism, banking, transportationand insurance.
It will mobilise all possibleinvestment resources for infrastructure system construction tostrengthen synchronisation and interconnectivity to meet economicdevelopment requirements. It will focus on new countryside construction,improve the material and spiritual life of the people in rural areas,develop cultural and social aspects, focus on human resources trainingand speed up public administration reform.-VNA