During the AnnualMinisterial Review of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSCO), which istaking place in Geneva from July 1-4, delegates from countries such asLaos, the Republic of Korea and Mozambique praised Vietnam’s success inthis field.
As one of the three countries selected tovoluntarily share their experience and progress in national development,Vietnam told the meeting that by 2012, the country had reached many ofthe MDGs committed to the international community.
In tenyears the country has halved the number of poor people and continues tomake encouraging progress in the first goal to eradicate hunger andpoverty. The poverty rate has dropped from 58.1 percent in 1993 to 10.7percent in 2010.
In 2000, the country achieved universalhigh-standard primary education and by 2012, net enrolment rates forprimary education reached 97.7 percent.
Remarkable progresshas also been seen in promoting gender equality and empowering women, aswell as improving child and maternal health.
The country hasobtained significant achievements in establishing global partnershipsfor development, helping mobilise foreign investment flow and officialdevelopment assistance (ODA) while taking advantage of opportunitiesoffered by trade liberalisation to spur economic growth and povertyreduction.
However, a substantial proportion of the populationis in danger of falling back into poverty, as Vietnam is one of thecountries that are most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.
Vietnam has, so far, fulfilled three goals ahead of schedule, with three more expected to be reached by 2015.
Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment Nguyen The Phuong, who ledthe Vietnamese delegation to the event, told the Vietnam News Agencythat two others MDGs, including ensuring environmental sustainabilityand restraining the growth rate of HIV, still face an array ofchallenges.
This year, the ECOSOC Annual Ministerial Review hasput the spotlight on the role of science, technology and innovation inthe promotion of sustainable development.
Phuong noted thatVietnamese laws, such as the Law on Technological Transfer and the Lawon Intellectual Property, have created a legal framework to promote thedevelopment of these areas.
The Vietnamese Government has alsopaid special attention to science-technology and innovation, she said,citing the adoption of the Law on Science and Technology in 2001 as anexample.
Phuong’s delegation proactively held bilateralmeetings in Geneva to exchange scientific and technological models thatcan aid the countries to reach their MDGs.
Vietnam is willingto share its experience in achieving the MDGs through the South-Southcooperation model (in which developing countries exchange resources andknowledge) and hopes to continue receiving cooperation and support fromthe international community in order to raise the job’s quality, Phuongsaid.
The country is actively partnering with the UN in devising the post-2015 Development Agenda.
As one of the countries selected by the UN to conduct nationalconsultations and study the desires and challenges of the consultativegroups, Vietnam’s final report will make a significant contribution tothe agenda.-VNA
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