The Japanese government will provide 2.2 million USD in non-refundable aid for Vietnam to operate and maintain national highways. A memorandum of understanding pm the aid to be in the form of technical assistance was signed between the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Ministry of Transport in Hanoi on May 25. Accordingly, JICA will send experts to help Vietnam issue regulations and instructions concerning the operation and maintenance of highways while supplying technical equipment and organising training courses for Vietnamese experts in the field in both Japan and Vietnam . The two-year project, starting from mid-2011, will be conducted in Hanoi and neighbouring areas, with three highway sections, including Belt No. 3, Phap Van-Cau Gie and Cau Gie-Ninh Binh, being selected for on-the-job training (OJT). According to JICA Chief Representative Tsuno Motonori, via JICA funded projects, the agency has helped Vietnam develop a highway system. As part of its master plan, Vietnam will build 2,500km of freeway standard roads by 2020 and 5,800 km by 2030./.