Hero once named “1 defeats 20″ wins new victory

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PANO - Bui Ngoc Du, who was famous for a series of victories in the war against the Americans, is now renowned for his success in economic activities and his supports for his old comrades in Mang Yang District, Gia Lai. During the war, Bui Ngoc Du was a brave, brilliant and resourceful soldier, who achieved many victories. His most remarkable victory, that later became a source of inspiration for music composer Huy Thuc to write the once-favorite song "Dong suoi La La" (La La stream), happened on February 28th, 1967. At the time, Bui Ngoc Du was the commander of a platoon of company 12, battalion 10, regiment 848, division 320. On the morning of the day, he led his platoon of 9 troops to break down all of enemy's attacks on the assigned defence point, safely protecting a friendly ammunition store. During the combat, some 200 enemy troops with modern equipment, weapons and supported by planes and heavy artilleries launched 15 attacks on the platoon's position on a nameless hill in … [Read more...]

Individuals praised for following the late president’s moral

Addressing the meeting, Chairman of the National Assembly Nguyen Phu Trong expressed his wish that each delegate will share with people in their localities about lessons and experiences from other outstanding individuals. Outstanding individuals around the country were praised for "Studying and following Ho Chi Minh's moral example" at a meeting in Hanoi on January 24. Delegates from seven cities and provinces across the country shared their practical experiences in studying and following Ho Chi Minh's moral example. Truong Thi Nhan from Hanoi talked about her experiences in mobilising people's contributions to educational encouragement. Bui Ngoc Du from Mangyang district, the Central Highlands province of Gia Lai , said he strove after President Ho's example of thrift, transparence and dedication to work and the people. Meanwhile, Dang Kim Thuy, chief care worker at the General Hospital of southern Bac Lieu province tried to follow Uncle Ho's selflessness and wholehearted … [Read more...]

Bright examples praised in following Uncle Ho’s moral

Chairman of the National Assembly Nguyen Phu Trong has praised outstanding individuals around the country in the "Studying and following Ho Chi Minh's moral example" campaign at a meeting in Hanoi on Jan. 24. He expressed his wish that each delegate will share with people in their localities about lessons and experiences from other outstanding individuals. Delegates from 7 cities and provinces shared practical experiences in studying and following Ho Chi Minh's moral example. Truong Thi Nhan from Hanoi talked about her experiences in mobilising people's contributions to encourage education. … [Read more...]

Festival to promote education investment

The 2nd Ho Chi Minh City Education Development Festival will showcase advanced schooling models in Vietnam and abroad and promote investment in education. The four-day event would be larger than last year since the city Department of Education would co-ordinate with various Ministry of Education agencies to organise it, Huynh Cong Minh, director of the former, said. "The event will encourage renovation of the education system and seek investment from international organisations," Minh told the media yesterday. Representatives from various departments and agencies would participate in an investment promotion forum, he added. Text books and learning aids will be on sale at the exhibition which will also provide students and their parents information about overseas educational institutions. At a forum titled "Library is the heart of the school" to highlight the essential role of libraries at schools and encourage reading among students, visitors can hold exchanges with popular … [Read more...]

Part 1: Artifices to interfere with information

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PANO – There have recently appeared a number of articles on the internet with distorted and fabricated information, targeting at the Party and State of Vietnam by continuously blackening, slandering and degrading senior leaders. These articles have undoubtedly aimed at reducing people’s confidence in the Party and State and creating negative psychology in society. In fact, Vietnamese people in general have turned their back on such false information. But some still have had doubts about it. The People’s Army Newspaper, therefore, publishes a series of articles to point out artifices that hostile forces have used to make up fake information, and provide suggestions on measures to neutralize wrong and false information. "Keep telling lies about senior leaders" – an old trick First, to provide readers with a full explanation of why there has been a good deal of false information about Party, State and Army leaders on the internet on the turn of 2014 and 2015, … [Read more...]

Vietnam creates favorable conditions for private sector to develop

Photo for illustration. Source: sggp.org.vn

PANO – There have recently been rumors saying that the Vietnamese Government is unfair to the private economic sector; as a result, the sector has been contracted and many private firms have gone to bankruptcy. Is this true or not? The People’s Army Newspaper’s reporters have met private businesses and learnt about facts. The following is an insight into the situation. Businesspeople becoming much richer The view considering that the private economy has shrunk and private enterprises have become weaker and weaker and been on the edge of bankruptcy seems one-sided, short-sighted or too pessimistic. According to VnDirect Securities Corporation, an affiliate of a well-known private-owned group, IPA Investments Corporation, as of December 25th, 2014, 80 more US$ millionaires appeared on the Vietnamese securities market. This figure has brought the number of businesspeople with their securities holding valued at over US$ one million up to 395. Among them, President of … [Read more...]

Victory of the Tri Thien-Hue Campaign heralds the fall of Saigon regime

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PANO – With the resounding victory of our forces in the Central Highland Campaign and high spirit of our army and people, the Central Military Commission and the General Command decided to launch the Tri Thien-Hue Campaign. The Tri Thien Military Zone and Army Group 2 were entrusted to conduct the campaign, which took place from March 3rd, 1975 to 26th, aiming at encircling and annihilating the enemy units (mainly belonging to enemy Army Group 1 of Military Zone 1) stationed in Quang Tri and Thua Thien-Hue. In the Tri Thien-Hue Battlefield, from late 1974 to early 1975, the enemy organized their units into groupings of entrenched fortifications within the reach of artillery support, which shaped a firm linking defensive system. In every distance of 15km-25km, the enemy built a regiment-level or division-level military base. Those bases functioned as both strong positions for defensive operations and springboards for counterattacks. The enemy force stationed in the zone included … [Read more...]

Central Highland Campaign starts 1975 Spring General Offensive and Uprising

The attack to occupy Mai Hac De base in Buon Ma Thuot town in the Central Highland Campaign, March 1975. A filed photo from the Vietnam National Museum of History

PANO - The Central Highlands played an important strategic role so the enemy had turned the region into a large strategic military base with the aim of wiping out the resistance of the Indo-China nations, preventing our forces from transporting humans and logistics from the North to the South and from the mountainous areas to the plain areas of Zone 5. The enemy forces deployed in the Central Highlands comprised Infantry Division 23, seven commando battalions, 36 battalions of the security force, 230 cannons, and 150 aircraft of the enemy’s Military Zone 2. In general, the enemy deployed strong units in the North of the Central Highlands but the South served as their rear so only some units were stationed there. For our side, the Politburo issued a resolution to liberate the South in 1975. In January 1975, the Standing Committee of the Central Military Commission had a meeting to roll out the Politburo’s resolution and decided to launch the Central Highland Campaign, coded … [Read more...]

Unique military arts in 1972 air-defense operations to protect Hanoi

A missile ready to be launched in 1972. Photo: Archived photo

PANO – In late 1972, the situation in the South was complex and peace negotiations in Paris were tense. The USA tried to resort to military power to improve the situation in South Vietnam and put pressure on our negotiators at the Paris peace negotiation. To realize its plan, the USA opened Operation Linebacker II, using 193 strategic bombers B52 and 1,000 tactical aircraft to strike Hanoi, Hai Phong and several other Northern cities. But Northern military and people did a miracle when shooting down 81 US aircraft, including 34 B52s (16 B52s crashed down on the spot,) captured a number of US pilots live, defeated a US large scale strategic airborne operation, forcing them to sign the Paris Peace Accords on ending the war in Vietnam and making a very important contribution to South liberation and unification of the South. Our victory over the US air operation on Hanoi, Hai Phong and other Northern cities in 1972 demonstrated the unique military arts of the Vietnamese Army in … [Read more...]

Nguyen Hue Campaign changes power balance in Eastern South

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PANO – By August 1971, victories, continuously achieved by the revolutionary forces and people, made the Saigon Army retreat to the defensive position and resist our forces’ offensives. Taking the opportunity, the Politburo decided to open the 1972 strategic defensive in the Southeastern South, Tri-Thien and Central Highlands and shape a general offensive in the entire South Battlefield to decimate a large part of the enemy’s force, and extend the liberated zones. The policy aimed to force the USA to end the war at the negotiation table and our side was ready to prepare force to intensify fighting against the enemy if they kept waging war. Under the policy, the South Central Command and South Military Commission opened a campaign named the national hero of Nguyen Hue in the Southeastern South led by Lieutenant General Tran Van Tra as the commander. The campaign took place from April 1st, 1972 to January 19th, 1973. The Campaign Command chose Road 13 as the main … [Read more...]

1968 General Offensive and Uprising puts an end to US Joint Warfare

Troops on the way to Hue in the the General Offensive and Uprising.

PANO – As of the beginning of 1968, US combat troops in South Vietnam mounted to nearly 480,000 and troops of US allies’ armies totaled 68,800. The figure of US troops excluded those who garrisoned in US bases in Japan, Thailand and the Philippines, and served in the 7th Fleet and 6th Fleet. Meanwhile, the number of the Saigon Army’s troops continuously increased. With its large numbers of combat troops and modern weapons and vehicles, the enemy launched many operations to find and decimate our forces across the South Battlefield, particularly the enemy’s large-scale operations in the dry seasons of 1965-1966 and 196-1967. However, their operations did not gain their expected success. After two years from 1965 to 1967, the enemy lost the initiative in the battlefield: while they conducted offensives and attacks in 1965, after two years in late 1967, they had to draw to passive defense. Meanwhile, as our army and people achieved many significant victories, the … [Read more...]

Road 9-Khe Sanh Campaign contains US mobile troops

Road 9-Khe Sanh Campaign. Photo: Archived photo

PANO - As our side gained more advantages in the war against the US invaders, the Politburo had a meeting in December 1967 and issued a resolution, which was later passed by the 14th Meeting of the Party Central Committee of the 3rd tenure. The resolution heightened the determination: "Turning the revolutionary struggle of our Southern people into a new stage, a stage of attacking enemies and rising up to achieve decisive victories" in the 1968 Lunar New Year Festival. The resolution also defined the Southeast of the South and Saigon as the main battlefield, and Road 9-Tri Thien and Hue-Da Nang as the secondary battlefield. Implementing the resolution, in late 1967, the Politburo decided to launch a large-scale joint force operation attacking the enemy’s firm defensive line in Road 9-Khe Sanh, in order to attract more enemy regular forces, particularly mobile US troops, to the Road 9 area to besiege, confine and decimate enemy troops there, creating favorable for our military … [Read more...]

The first operational-level battle against US troops in South Battlefield

US troops landing in Ia Drang in the Plei Me Campaign in 1965. A filed photo

PANO - In response to our strong military activities in Dac To, Kun Tum province and Duc Co, Gia Lai province, in September 1965, the US Command in Southern Vietnam tasked Airborne Cavalry Division 1 and one brigade of Division 101 to defend An Khe, Gia Lai province. The US deployment aimed to retaliate possible attacks of our forces in the Central Highlands. Meanwhile, the Saigon Army founded a special zone, comprising two provinces, namely Kon Tum and Gia Lai and handed over the responsibility for operations in the Central Highlands to the US units. In implementing the South High Command’s instruction to join forces across the South to decimate US troops in order to cement and extend our controlled liberated zone, foster Southern military’s and people’s confidence in fighting US troops, in October 1965, the B3 Battlefield Command in charge of the Central Highlands decided to launch the Plei Me Campaign. The campaign command was led by Major General Chu Huy Man. Our … [Read more...]

Van Tuong victory raises confidence in defeating US troops

Diagram of Van Tuong Battle in August, 1965.

PANO – In summer 1965, as the South Liberation Army’s victories of Binh Gia, Ba Gia and Dong Xoai and local people’s political movement ruined the US strategic plans (Staley-Taylor and Johnson-McNamara) in its broad strategy called "Special Warfare", the Saigon government fed by the USA was on danger of melt-down. To save the situation, the USA turned to another strategy named "Joint Warfare", in which the US Government decided to send US expeditionary forces and troops of the USA’s allies to the South Battlefield. With their great military advantage in terms of weapons, equipment, maneuverability, firepower and troops numbers, the US Army swiftly organized a large-scale march in an effort to find and assault units of the Liberation Army. Receiving reconnaissance reports about the presence of Regiment 1 named Ba Gia, a regular unit of Inter-Zone 5 in Van Tuong, Binh Son district, Quang Ngai province, commander of US Marine Division, Westmoreland quickly drew up … [Read more...]

First battle against US troops

The Nui Thanh-Quang Nam Victory Monument

PANO - In early 1965, the Johnson-McNamara Plan, part of the US strategy in Vietnam (called the "Special Warfare") in the 1961-1965 period, was in danger of bankruptcy. That directly affected the survival of the Saigon regime. In that context, in March 1965, the USA urgently sent more troops to South Vietnam with the aim of sustaining the Saigon government. On March 8th, 1965, US Marine Battalions 1 and 3 of Brigade 9 arrived in Da Nang, marking the official presence of the US Army in the South Vietnam Battlefield. On May 7th, 1965, 6,400 US troops and 24 tanks of Expeditionary Brigade 9 landed in Ky Lien and Ky Ha communes (Tam Nghia and Tam Quang of Nui Thanh district at present) and started to build the Chu Lai base complex, which was expected to be the spring to attack revolutionary bases in the South. To protect the Chu Lai base, the enemy posted one company to the Nui Thanh mount. The US company consisted of some 140 men with machine guns, mortars, other kinds of firepower … [Read more...]

Ba Gia Campaign gives a KO blow to Johnson-McNamara Plan

Ba Gia combat plan

PANO – By the mid of 1965, the balance of power between our force and the enemy in the South Battlefield in general and Military Zone 5 in particular had changed. The Saigon Army was unable to take on its "mission" and was losing the initiative although the army had a large number of troops, was strongly provided with weapons and equipment, and directly backed by US advisors. In their implementation of the strategy "pacification", although US advisors and the Saigon government sought and tried on many measures, they failed to "win hearts and minds" of people in the South; as a result, a number of newly-set up "strategic hamlet" systems were destroyed by South Vietnamese military force and people. In an effort to retake the initiative in the battlefield, the USA continued to introduce the Johnson-McNamara Plan. Accordingly, US Marine Division 3 was sent to Da Nang and at the same time, made up fake reasons to escalate the war, bringing war to the North. For our side, after the … [Read more...]

Vietnam Navy’s feats in first battles after Gulf of Tonkin Incident

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PANO – To create a reason for escalating the war, striking Northern Vietnam, the White House and Pentagon made up the play "Gulf of Tonkin Incident" with vague allegations as follows: On August 4th, 1964, Northern Vietnamese torpedo boats groundlessly attacked a US destroyer in the international sea line. The play came into effect immediately. The Hawks succeeded in cheating the US public and parliament, which then gave the US President the absolute right to act. In fact, on August 2nd, 1964, the US Maddox explicitly violated the waters of Northern Vietnam by repeating operations from the sea off Deo Ngang, Quang Binh province to Hon Me island off Thanh Hoa province. The Vietnam Naval Command ordered 3 torpedo boats of Battalion 135 to expel the US vessel. In the battle, despite enemy strong firepower, North Vietnamese boats boldly approached and fought against the US giant vessel. Our boats shot down one US aircraft and hurt another, forcing the US ship to run away from … [Read more...]

Bringing into full play heroic traditions to build VPA in modern times

General Phung Quang Thanh inspecting the repair of weapons and equiopment at Factory Z113 of the General Department of Defence Industry

PANO - 70 years ago, implementing the Instruction of Leader Ho Chi Minh, the Vietnam Liberation Armed Group, the predecessor of the Vietnam People’s Army, was established on December 22nd, 1944, in between the two jungles of Hoang Hoa Tham and Tran Hung Dao, Nguyen Binh district, Cao bang. Being educated, trained and led by the Party and President Ho Chi Minh during the process of building force, fighting enemies and growing up, the Vietnam People’s Army (VPA) has always kept carrying on the Party’s goal and ideal, fighting for national independence and socialism. Over the time, VPA together with the Vietnamese people has won splendid victories, functioned as a sharp weapon and a faithful political force of the Party, State and people, and the core force for the people in the liberation wars against invaders as well as the current Fatherland protection cause. On the first days of its foundation, VPA was composed of only 34 soldiers and armed with very simple … [Read more...]

Unique fighting method born in Binh Gia Campaign

An US soldier creeping along the rice field to escape from the Liberation Army's shooting range. A filed photo

PANO - The Binh Gia Operation was the first offensive conducted by the regular units of the Eastern South, contributing to changing the force scale between our side and the enemy in the battlefield and creating a new posture and strength to defeat the enemy’s Stanley-Taylor Plan and Johnson-McNamara Plan (the combination was called the strategy "Special Warfare"). The Binh Gia victory marked a big development of the South regular armed force and contributed to the operational-level arts of our army in the national resistant war against US invaders. In the beginning of 1964, local political movements along military activities undermined the enemy’s policy on setting up "strategic hamlets/villages" (the enemy tried to relocate citizens to newly set-up villages in order to separate people from revolutionary forces) in the South Battlefield. Meanwhile, contradictions inside the Saigon government became deeper and the Staley Taylor Plan went completely bankrupt. However, with … [Read more...]

Ap Bac victory leads the enemy to a tactic crisis

Air-lifted troops. Photo: Archived photo

PANO – To conduct the strategy "Special war", the US Army resorted to the tactics "transporting helicopter" and "transporting armored car" opened a number of marches, aiming at decimating revolutionary forces and backing the attempt to driving people into "strategic villages." At first, our forces did not learn about the enemy’s schemes and tricks. Leaders and commanders at levels were confused so they could not work out appropriate directions instructing the army and people to respond to the enemy’s new schemes and operational tactics. After a short time of confusion, our command and leadership was determined to find out the responding operational tactics to defeat marches with support of helicopters and armored cars conducted by the Sai Gon puppet troops led by US military advisors. The Military Zone 8 Command set high resolve to lead and command forces to "find and annihilate" enemies and "destroy enemy-set up strategic villages; at the same time, it enhanced … [Read more...]