Life jackets for boat passengers

There have been way too many accidents on boats in Viet Nam.Both inland, on canals and rivers, and out at sea.The government has therefore brought in a new law: No going out in a boat without a life jacket!

Fine will be given to boat passengers who refuse to put on life jackets. - Photo baotintuc.vn

Fine will be given to boat passengers who refuse to put on life jackets. - Photo baotintuc.vn

HA NOI (VNS) — Passengers on boats or ferries who refuse to put on life jackets or life-saving equipment will receive a fine of between VND100,000 (US$4,8) and VND 200,000 ($9,6).

The fines follow Government Decree No.93/2013/ND-CP sanctioning administrative violations in the fields of maritime transport and inland waterway transport, which aims to decrease the number of deaths resulting from inland water accidents.

Tran Sy Duy from the Viet Nam Inland Waterway Administration who participated in drafting the decree told Tien Phong (Vanguard) Newspaper:

“The Ministry of Transport last year released a circular requiring that all passengers on boats and ferries must wear life jackets or have life buoys during journeys, but did not mention sanctions for violating passengers.”

According to the Director of the Administration, Tran Van Cuu, Government Decree No.60/2011/ND-CP on administrative punishment for inland waterway traffic only stipulates a fine of between VND200,000 – 2 million ($9.6-95) for boats not equipped with rescue facilities or fire fighting equipment.

“Some passengers on boats and ferries lack safety awareness. Although some boat owners equipped their boats with life jackets, the passengers did not agree to wear them. So the penalisation of passengers is a method to help save their lives,” Cuu said.

However, inspections of the inland waterway, which aim to ensure the feasibility and boost the implementation of the decree, would meet many difficulties.

The country has more than 200,000 km of rivers and canals, of which 42,000 km are involved in the traffic waterway system. Yet, only 20,000km of the system are under the management of traffic authorities.

Communal authorities in localities who are responsible for controlling traffic on the remaining kilometres would play an important role in inland waterway traffic safety control, including wearing life jackets, according to Cuu.

“The Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Public Security should soon promulgate a joint circular which would allow local authorities to handle inland waterway traffic violations,” said Nguyen Quang Nhat from the Waterway Police Administration.

The latest accident in which a boat sank on the Soai Rap River in HCM City early this month killed nine people. The boat was not equipped with enough life jackets or life buoys for its passengers.

According to the National Traffic Safety Committee, a total of eleven inland waterway accidents killed ten people in July. — VNS

GLOSSARY

The fines follow Government Decree No.93/2013/ND-CP sanctioning administrative violations in the fields of maritime transport and inland waterway transport, which aims to decrease the number of deaths resulting from inland water accidents.

A decree is an order from someone in charge.To sanction, in this case, means threatening somebody with punishment if they disobey the law.Administrative violations are incidents of people breaking the law.Here, field has nothing to do with a field in which a farmer grows crops. Rather, we can imagine that inland waterway transport and maritime (sea) transport are little worlds in which people understand how things are done and may understand one another well because they work with water transport. The little world of inland waterway transport and sea transport is known as a field.Maritime means to do with the sea.

Tran Sy Duy from the Viet Nam Inland Waterway Administration who participated in drafting the decree told Tien Phong (Vanguard) Newspaper:

To draft a decree means to write it up carefully so that it is done properly.

“The Ministry of Transport last year released a circular requiring that all passengers on boats and ferries must wear life jackets or have life buoys during journeys, but did not mention sanctions for violating passengers.”

A circular is a letter that goes to many people, usually to people who work in the same office, or who work for the same company. A life buoy is a special device that floats very well and can be useful for people to hang on to if they are in the water.

According to the Director of the Administration, Tran Van Cuu, Government Decree No.60/2011/ND-CP on administrative punishment for inland waterway traffic only stipulates a fine of between VND200,000 – 2 million ($9.6-95) for boats not equipped with rescue facilities or firefighting equipment.

To stipulate something means to demand it.

“So the penalisation of passengers is a method to help save their lives,” Cuu said.

The penalisation of passengers means the punishing of passengers.

However, inspections of the inland waterway, which aim to ensure the feasibility and boost the implementation of the decree, would meet many difficulties.

To ensure the feasibility of the decree means to make sure that the decree works and that people obey it.To boost the implementation of the decree means to make sure that the authorities, such as the police, focus on making sure that people obey the law.

“The Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Public Security should soon promulgate a joint circular which would allow local authorities to handle inland waterway traffic violations,” said Nguyen Quang Nhat from the Waterway Police Administration.

To promulgate means to announce something as a new law.

WORKSHEET

Find the words that mean the following in the Word Search:

1. The type of punishment that boat passengers can expect if they are caught refusing to put on life jackets.

2. The government ministry that last year released a circular requiring that all passengers on boats and ferries must wear life jackets.

3. The number of inland waterway accidents in which people were killed in July.

4. The name of a river in Ho Chi Minh City.

5. People who sometimes do not wear life jackets, even when they are provided.

6. Boats should carry the necessary equipment to fight _ _ _ _ _.

d t d l c n e l e v e n d s o
r f o i w h i p p i n g f k o
o i s j g v y s r o l a i u g
w n m g a e r t i f j o r o m
n e s o n i a r s i x l e w e
k a a x g e l n o p o x s a k
f i n k e t r a n s p o r t o
b o a t s e h s m e l n i e n
c p s t g n t g u v c b x r g
s o a i r a p d z e i g h t m
c b h a m l o n i n e k g i a
y e l p o p a s s e n g e r s
o y a n g t z e t n e i s t n

ANSWERS: This page has been developed in cooperation with Duncan Guy, founder and editor of Learn the News1. Fine; 2. Transport; 3. Eleven; 4. SoaiRap; 5. Passengers; 6. Fires.

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