(VEN) – The mountainous district of Ba Vi in Hanoi is home to 25,000 people from the King, Dao and Muong ethnic groups.
The local people used to endure difficult living conditions, however, five years after being integrated into the capital city, socioeconomic developments in the local seven communes have witnessed positive changes. Its potential and advantages have been promoted, the look of rural areas has been renovated and people’s living conditions have been significantly improved.
Vice Chairman of the Ba Vi District People Committee Bach Cong Tien said socioeconomic conditions in mountainous communes were hard. However, everything has changed thanks to the city’s attention and rural area construction. In 2008, the total production value of the district reached only VND450 billion, of which agriculture-forestry accounted for 55 percent, service and tourism 37 percent and construction industry 8 percent. The per capita income stood at VND7.3 million per year.
After the five year integration into Hanoi, the district’s total production value has increased to VND3.161 trillion. Its economic structure has witnessed a positive change with the service and tourism sectors passing agriculture. The per capita income now has reached VND20.5 million per year, the economy grew by 10.5 percent per year, the household poverty rate has reduced by 4.03 percent and six communes have built medical stations which meet national standards.
Animal husbandry, cash crops cultivation and tourism development have become key sectors to make breakthroughs in the local economic growth. Breeding of dairy cows alone (currently amounting to 5,700) has provided materials on the spot for local milk processing companies, strengthened the Ba Vi Milk trademark and helped many families improve their livelihoods. Local households raise from two, three to dozens of cows or more. After deducting expenses, one household breeding a pair of cows could earn profit from VND50-60 million per year. Apart from dairy cows, many local families also raise deer, ostriches, tortoises, honey bees, pigs, chickens, fish and grow ornamental trees, earning high incomes.
In several communes including Ba Trai, Tan Linh, Van Hoa and Yen Bai, local residents have maintained 1,600 ha of tea to ensure tea processing on the spot, creating stable incomes for over 10,000 laborers farmers, tea companies and households. To take natural advantage, these communes have attracted 12 businesses to develop ecological and spiritual tourism, giving many interesting options for tourists. In 2012 alone, the number of tourists to resorts around the Ba Vi Mountain foot hit nearly two million.
Mountainous communes of Ba Vi District have also improved their infrastructure. In 2012, 83 infrastructure projects were carried out with total investment capital of over VND1.066 trillion to develop rural traffic, clean water, schools, irrigation works and communal culture houses. Ba Vi District has also approved planning of Tan Vien Son Urban Area in Tan Linh Commune to set it up into a town in the near future, which will be an economic exchange region and a link to mountainous tourism spots in the district. Hanoi will build a secondary school in Minh Quang Commune, expected for opening in 2014-2015 school year for the children in Minh Quang, Ba Vi and Khanh Thuong communes, and a mountainous 100-bed hospital in Ba Trai Commune, which is now undergoing construction./.