(VEN) – According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s Directorate of Fisheries, as of May 2013, there were approximately 3,500 trawler teams consisting of 25,000 sea fishing vessels and 136,000 workers. The organization of trawler teams was an important step in the development of marine fisheries.
According to Deputy Director of Directorate of Fisheries’ Department of Aquatic Resources Protection and Exploitation Hoang Dinh Yen, these trawler teams can support each other very well in fishing activities, attract a lot of fishmen to participate, and reach much higher output per vessel from 120-150 percent than previously. Meanwhile, this model helped trawlers reduce costs of fishing trip and logistics.
According to the Department of Aquatic Resources Protection and Exploitation, the country now has more than 14,500 fishing vessels capable of operating inshore and offshore fishing. About 2,300 90HP vessels out of which number are operating in the central provinces and involved with tuna fishing, and often go on 25 to 30 day trips.
There is also a fleet of 90HP vessels specializing in services including collection, storage, processing and transport of marine exploited products. The fleet plays an important role in supporting inshore and offshore fishing vessels, contributing to improving the operational efficiency of these fishing vessels.
However, trawlers are unable to organize a close fishing logistics service chain adequately so as to directly provide marine products to seafood processing plants to avoid price pressure by middlemen. In addition, many fishing vessel owners are in lack of funds for purchase of communicative equipment, mining equipment, storing devices, and fishing gear.
According to Hoang Dinh Yen, the trawler team heads and vessel owners play an important role in recent development of trawler team model in terms of maintaining an efficient marine mining way. Therefore, they should receive adequate incentives.
“Apart from Resolution 48/ND-CP and Decision 375/QD-TTg already issued in support of trawler, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has recently proposed trawler support recommendations to the government in terms of trawler cooperative establishment, insurance support, communicative equipment, and accident support,” Yen said.
The Directorate of Fisheries is currently preparing a draft of trawler incentives to submit to the government for consideration which includes a cash incentive of VND200,000 per trawler team head per month; 50 percent funding for hull insurance and 100 percent funding for accident insurance for crew members, and 100 percent funding for purchase of communicative HF-range and GPS-integrated equipment.
Credit sources to support marine mining operations have not been abundant particularly due to high marine risks. Many commercial banks often allege the high marine risks as a major reason for their refusal of lending capital to trawlers. The value added tax included on bills for machinery and equipment on board has also increased the burden on trawlers and prevent them from borrowing banks.
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Vu Van Tam said “In the coming time, banks should have specific loan mechanisms for trawler so that they won’t have to borrow money at high interest rates from outside the banks. Most banks are concerned about lending offshore trawlers on account of high risk of losses; however, banks should offer trawlers favorable loan mechanism so as to facilitate them while increasing bank credit.”./.
By Lam Phong